@frontity/components

API reference of `@frontity/components` package

This package is a collection of React components that have proven to be pretty useful for a Frontity project.

Table of Contents

How to use

In order to use it, you just have to import the component you want to use in your theme from @frontity/components/ and place it wherever needed. For example, if we want to use the <Image />component:

import Image from "@frontity/components/image";

Components

<Link /> is a React component that you can use in your Frontity project to define links that works with the internal routing system. Under the hood, this component uses the actions.router.set(link) method from @frontity/tiny-router and creates an <a/> tag.

This component requires having state.source.url properly configured. Have a look at the guide Setting the URL of the WordPress data source to learn more about this

Props

Name

Type

Required

Default

Description

link

string

yes

---

The URL to link to.

target

string

no

_self

The target of the anchor. Possible values: _self or _blank

onClick

function

no

undefined

The onClick handler. Can be used to pass an optional callback that will be invoked on click.

scroll

boolean

no

true

Whether the browser should scroll up to the top upon navigating to a new page.

prefetch

boolean

no

true

Whether Frontity should automatically prefetch this link or not. The prefetching mode is controlled through state.theme.autoPrefetch

aria-current

string

no

undefined

Indicates the element that represents the current item within a container or set of related elements

All "unknown" props passed to the Link are passed down to an anchor </a> tag.

Usage

import Link from "@frontity/components/link";
const MyComponent = () => (
<Link link={linkUrl} onClick={(e) => console.log(e)}>
This is a link
</Link>
);

Auto Prefetch

This component can help implementing some auto prefetching strategies. The configuration for this is stored in the state so final users can modify it in their sites using their frontity.settings.js file.

Imagine that my-awesome-theme uses this component. Then, people can set the auto prefetch setting like this:

const settings = {
// Other settings...
packages: [
{
name: "my-awesome-theme",
state: {
theme: {
autoPrefetch: "hover",
},
},
},
// Other packages...
],
};

The possible values for state.theme.autoPrefetch are:

Value

Description

no

No auto prefetch.

hover

Prefetches links on hover.

in-view

Prefetch links currently visible in the viewport.

all

Prefetches all internal links on the page.

Using this <Link /> component is optional. You can create your own <Link /> component with your own logic.

Example of a custom <Link /> component implementation

import React from "react";
import { connect } from "frontity";
const Link = ({
state,
actions,
link,
className,
children,
"aria-current": ariaCurrent,
}) => {
const onClick = (event) => {
// Do nothing if it's an external link
if (link.startsWith("http")) return;
event.preventDefault();
// Set the router to the new url.
actions.router.set(link);
// Scroll the page to the top
window.scrollTo(0, 0);
};
return (
<a
href={link}
onClick={onClick}
className={className}
aria-current={ariaCurrent}
>
{children}
</a>
);
};
export default connect(Link);

Frontity provides a link processor. The link processor works with the <html2react> component and can automatically detect <a> tags in the page/post content and intelligently convert them into <Link> components.

If the href attribute of the <a> tag is either:

  • a relative link, or

  • an absolute link on the same domain as the WordPress data source

then the processor will convert the the <a> tag into a <Link> component.

The <Link> component created by the processor will be modelled on the <a> tag and will have properties consistent with its attributes - e.g. the link property of the <Link> component will be the same as the href attribute of <a> tag being replaced. The processor will also convert absolute links on the same domain to be relative links.

If the href attribute of the <a> tag is an absolute link on a different domain from the WordPress data source, i.e. it is a link to an external site, then that tag will remain as is and will not be replaced or converted.

In order for this to work the link processor must be imported into the theme and included in the list of html2react processors. This would normally be done in the root level index.js of your theme. See here and here for more info.

import link from "@frontity/html2react/processors/link";
libraries: {
html2react: {
processors: [link],
},

This link processor needs to be added to any theme that wants to uses this Client-side navigation for embedded links in the content

Image

<Image /> is a React component that adds lazy-loading to the native WordPress images. Combined with @html2react/processors , you can add this functionality and optimize your images pretty easy.

Script

<Script /> is a React component that executes scripts tags found in content.

Props

Name

Type

Required

Description

src

string

no

URL to an external JavaScript file.

code

string

no

internal JavaScript code

id

string

no

ID for script element

Usage

External JavaScript file:

import Script from "@frontity/components/script";
const MyComponent = () => (
<Script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js />
);

Internal JavaScript code

import Script from "@frontity/components/script";
const MyComponent = () => (
<Script
code={`
const body = document.querySelector('body');
// Triggers anytime anywhere in the body of the page is clicked
body.addEventListener('click', e => {
e.preventDefault();
console.log('Button Works');
});
`}
/>
);

Iframe

<Iframe /> is a React component that implement lazy-load on iframe components. The approach taken in implementing this component is based off the edge cases in the table below.

Intersection Observer

Native Lazy

Height > 0

Output

true

true

true

Native Lazy Load

true

true

false

Intersection Observer

true

false

true

Intersection Observer

true

false

false

Intersection Observer

false

true

true

(not possible)

false

true

false

(not possible)

false

false

true

Normal Load (eager)

false

false

false

Normal Load (eager)

Native Lazy needs a height attribute. For that reason, we use the Intersection Observer when a height is not provided.

Props

Name

Type

Required

Description

title

string

yes

internal JavaScript code

src

string

no

URL to an external JavaScript file.

width

string

no

width of the iframe component

height

string

no

height of the iframe component

className

string

no

class name for the component

loading

string

no

"lazy" | "eager" | "auto" Default value: "lazy"

rootMargin

string

no

margin around root element

Usage

import Iframe from "@frontity/components/iframe";
const MyComponent = () => (
<Iframe
src="https://frontity.org"
title="Frontity"
height="500"
width="500"
/>
);

Switch

The <Switch /> renders the first child component that returns true as the value of its when prop.

The last child component (which should not have a when prop) will be rendered if no other component matches the condition.

You can use it for routing to different components in your theme:

import Switch from "@frontity/components/switch";
const Theme = ({ state }) => {
const data = state.source.get(state.router.link);
return (
<Switch>
<Loading when={data.isFetching} />
<Home when={data.isHome} />
<Archive when={data.isArchive} />
<Post when={data.isPostType} />
<ErrorPage /> {/* rendered by default */}
</Switch>
);
};

But also inside any other component. For example, in a <Header> component that has a different menu for the home:

import Switch from "@frontity/components/switch";
const Header = ({ state }) => {
const data = state.source.get(state.router.link);
return (
<Switch>
<MenuHome when={data.isHome} />
<Menu /> // rendered by default
</Switch>
);
};

This component is an alternative to applying plain JavaScript logic in React:

const Theme = ({ state }) => {
const data = state.source.get(state.router.link);
return (
<>
{(data.isFetching && <Loading />) ||
(data.isHome && <Home />) ||
(data.isArchive && <Archive />) ||
(data.isPostType && <Post />) || <ErrorPage />}
</>
);
};

Still have questions? Ask the community! We are here to help 😊